|Shymkent is the third populous and significant city in Kazakhstan, the regional center of South Kazakhstan region. Located at the confluence of the rivers Badam and Sairam. Is one of the main industrial and economic centers of Kazakhstan. The internal division of the city is represented by three administrative districts. The population of 636,8 thousand people, 18.9% of Kazakhs, 14.8% of Russians, with 8.8% Turks, 2% Uzbeks and Azerbaijanis.
Telephone code: 7 725 2. Postcode: 160000. Car code: X.
the Exact date of the founding of the city is unknown. In XVIII-XIX for centuries, the fortress town of Shymkent fought Bukhara and Kokand khanate, the 1864 year, he was stormed by Russian troops. In 1914 has received the name Chernyaev, in honor of the Russian General M. G. Chernyaev. In 1924 year was returned to the former name. The origin of the name is not known.